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LONG BEFORE SENOR PESCA, SENOR PEARLMAN and LONG BEFORE THE EKINS MARKETING STUNT, THE FIRST CARS toured Across the Peninsula IN EARLY 1900! BAJA CALIFORNIOS MADE DESERT RACING THE SPORT IN MEXICO!
BCS, Baja California South From Ensenada, Baja California North
Reported By: Estrada Murillo Evaristo
In the main cities of the Territory had facilities for fuel, but in the villages was available only a few cans of 20 liters or 200 liters jars.
The long journeys were made by those intrepid south Californian families threatened by the specter of poverty, hunger and joblessness took the decision to migrate to the northern lands, withstand extreme temperatures of summer, the dreaded hurricane or severe weather in winter, the dense fog that makes visibility, overcome the dangers and obstacles imposed on him by rough track conditions and mechanical failure of their means of transport that were resolved through the experience, foresight, skill and innovation their drivers who managed a perfect symbiosis between man, machine and environment to reach their destination in long days that lasted two to three months.
Vehicle speeds was sometimes to a crawl on rough terrain or less than 20 mph on straight roads without hindrance.
What initially was a necessity of survival, over time has become an extreme sport that has attracted the attention of thousands of fans of car racing as the famous Baja Thousand Miles from Ensenada to La Paz, precisely because these same gaps used and known as the palms of your hands our grandparents on an adventure come and go in the car types unforgettable pick ups, camioncitos, sedan, coupe or convertible with its characteristic flown fenders, big headlights, the folding boxes, the unforgettable sound of his horn, tires with rims wood or metal, strong iron engines with powerful four-cylinder transmissions, differentials and springs that exceeded all kinds of terrain.
WITH THE ARRIVAL OF THE FIRST CAR TO THE FLOOR, THE PEOPLE AND SCARED were impressed
Author. Evaristo E. Murillo
Curiously, in those times the first motor vehicles share the same roads with wagons, carts pulled by horses or proceedings, donkeys or mules, "when the first cars, people got scared and hid in their homes, were not explained as a lot of irons and blades could walk without beasts were impressed everyone, "said Maria de Jesus Suarez Ruiz who was born in 1910 in the town of San Antonio.
TWO WAYS TO TRAVEL TO THE NORTH OF THE PENINSULA
To reach the Northland had two alternatives, the first traveling by sea La Paz - Santa Rosalia, then by land Santa Rosalia, Ensenada and even some travelers to go to the agricultural valley of Mexicali took the route to the port San Felipe.
The second option but was more costly and time consuming and difficult to use the endless dirt roads from San Jose del Cabo or La Paz to the port of Ensenada even further north, but it was necessary to have a vehicle in good condition, food, fuel , spare parts and reserve money to reach your destination in a protracted affair that lasted until 12 weeks, but not before withstand extreme weather conditions, the winding car swaying and brincoteo who repeatedly suffered damage to the sandy, dusty, rocky gaps in a maze of over 1,500 kilometers that they became almost impossible to cross in times of rain or hurricanes.
Sometimes the trips were of almost 3000 miles round trip, but the return was prolonged by work requirements, for the weather, economic conditions of families traveling or a thousand things that happened along the way.
There is precedent in Baja California Sur in 1929 landed a plane of the Mexican Air Force on a test flight built by General Azcarate.
ESTRADA DOMINGUEZ FAMILY ORIGINATING IN THE WIN.
SIR ANDREW ESTRADA DOMINGUEZ DONA ELENA
|1941 photo taken in the neighborhood of Las Casitas located on avenidad Lic Allende and Juárez Primo de Verdad between the Port of La Paz BCS, the background shows the wooden house of Don Andres Estrada, a Ford truck and the distance apart the traditional windmill to draw water.|
Such is the case of Don Andres Estrada Verdugo "The Chévere" home builder from El Triunfo Baja California Sur, Mexico, Elena Dominguez Navarro housewife also from El Triunfo, young couple without much protocol and festivities together their lives in 1935, a year after he had fathered her daughter Victoria Estrada Dominguez, Mario and Amalia born later who lived in what is now known as the Las Casitas located in the current avenues Ignacio Allende, Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez and Bachelor Primo de Truth in the city of La Paz.
FAMILY ABOUT TO DIE FOR A STREAM
|Downtown La Paz in 1944 and Madero 16 Sep avenues. The building on the left was the telegraph office, the tower in the background was the old City Hall. Photo AHCERMLC|
Just when he finishes his breakfast comes with a chopito Don Andres' cheese and juicy beef "that had succeeded with some friends ranchers, sits at the table with their children and are available for breakfast.
Hey Andres living conditions here in La Paz are canijas, with what little you earn in the work we barely enough to eat, we have a place to live, much less furniture and clothes for our two children, is not it best would be working in Ensenada, say there is much work and they pay very well, is if we are lucky you can go to the United States to earn more money with the Yankees, said Dona Elena.
For the truth if I thought - said a little worried Don Andres - "look older than you are right, though work on the site, the money does not reach us, we just have to half-eaten, as the northern relatives to talk to me everything is better there and want us out as gather some money for the trip, we go on the boat to raguan leaving La Paz to Santa Rosalia, after'll grab a shuttle that will take us to Ensenada and ready to work.
SAD FAREWELL AND FROM TIME TO ENSENADA
Author. Evaristo E. Murillo
When the day comes to leave, Don Andrew, Elena, their children Victoria, Mario and Amalia say goodbye with sadness and melancholy of a humble house of wood and cardboard palm roof that had built environment of the neighborhood near Las Casitas; to leave the city of their birth, such as luggage carried two cardboard boxes tied with a rope, four blankets, two kilos of flour tortillas, machaca burro meat, a jar of coffee bag, bean stews, dry cheese , dates, sweet pitahaya and a little capital they had accumulated to cover travel expenses, but the saying of the time was "No lunch for the trip to reach."
In the afternoon we approach the cargo ship The A raguan in the old pier located in Alvaro Obregon and May 5, sounds the whistle as a signal source and the ship began to sail the bay of La Paz, suddenly enveloped in sobs and tears embrace the whole family in a circle and say goodbye to the city of their birth, in the distance on the edge of the beach several pairs of hands were waving their hands in farewell it was Elena's relatives, Ramona Navarro Ortega, Ortega Desideria, Gregorio Dominguez, John, Victor, Jesus Dominguez Chule Navarro Fierro Tomas Navarro, as well as the relatives of Don Andres Estrada Incarnation Verdugo, Don Chon, Aristaeus, Josefa, Petra and Paula Estrada Verdugo.
After several minutes of sailing a school of sardines are pursued at full speed for a dozen hungry dolphins, diverts attention from the small family who watch watch from the deck of A surprise raguan the persecution and thus forget for a moment the sad farewell of her humble home.
Smooth sailing through the Gulf of California and arrive at the port of Loreto, where he loaded several tons of watermelons and cattle.
COME TO PUERTO DE SANTA ROSALIA AND FAMILY SLEEPS IN SOME RUINS
Before sunset the Victoria girl who affectionately called him the Korita from a dusty window turns to look at the top of a mountain and watch dozens of hanging baskets carrying groups of men in uniform light brown, colorful helmets on their heads .
It was at that time miners who worked in the extraction of copper and were hired by the mining company El Boleo.
"Never forget the plume that rose from a small railroad and mineral carrying people to the huge cargo ship docked at the pier of the port" recalls Mrs. Victoria ".
The next day just before dawn, a mild aromatic odor of freshly baked bread at the bakery the Boleo wakes Don Andrew who in turn itchy and breaks ribs Elena's dream to tell him to go get coffee and a snorers few pieces of biscuit, or a birotes shells for breakfast for her little children.
SANTA ROSALIA STARTING TO ENSENADA
Author. Evaristo E. Murillo
After several hours of waiting in the distance you hear the horn to alert transportation of passengers, it was a strong 6 cylinder vehicle Jeep wagon wheel drive standard transmission 5-speed, 10 seats, a small rear compartment adapted to greater volume and a roof rack for loading. This was the famous Route Diligence covering Postal Traveling the circuit number 18 in Ensenada - Santa Rosalia.
When the passengers were ready in the car, again the driver sounds the horn to signal, then begins its journey through the gap on a winding route of about 1000 kilometers, after ascending the dangerous slope hell out of Santa Rosalia, arriving in the community of San Ignacio to collect messaging, fuel load and go their way north.
Practically the trip from Santa Rosalia to the port of Esenada uneventful, come to a small terminal and later Don Andres locates his sister Josefa Estrada Verdugo who receives them with great joy and immediately prepares you a delicious breakfast of eggs, beans , corn tortillas and coffee.
In a car like this Ford Model A 1932, Estrada Dominguez family traveled in 1942 from Ensenada to La Paz, eventually husband of Victoria Evaristo Estrada Murillo is acquired for your home, this unit was the father Zelindo Meringo, with this carcanchita traveled to the villages to teach doctrine.
HOMECOMING: CAMINO COVE - PEACE
Chronic Evaristo E. Murillo
The effort and work that made Mr. Andrés year from 1942 to 1945 mainly in the construction of houses and buildings in the Port of Ensenada, able to accumulate a little capital, enough to buy a 1932 Ford Model A car with a 4-cylinder engine standard transmission which used to return with his family to the city of La Paz.
|Vehicle 1932 Ford Model A,,, in the graphic Mrs. Victoria Dominguez Estrada Murillo and her husband Evaristo Evaristo Mtz and his sons, Victor, Esther Elena and Norberto Murillo.|
While repairs were made to foringo model A, the family prepares his bags, food and everything necessary for the long journey south was the year 1945, the girl suddenly released a loud cry Korita "Apa-conditioning, Mom, Mom., a globote, a globote in heaven "actually it was a Zeppelin balloon type which heralded the end of World War II, music and people had a grand voice announcing the end of the war United States and its allies against Nazi Germany.
It was big news and bustle as everyone in Ensenada came to demonstrate in the streets, some crying and others sounding the horn of his car, Vitoria says Estrada.
Precisely in that year a few days after the conclusion of the war against Adolf Hitler Füher German, Japanese Emperor Showa Tenno Irohito and the Duce Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini Italian, Dominguez Estrada family begins its return to the city of La Paz.
Don Andres somewhat desperate and nervous collect the vehicle workshop testing even without heating, settings, power and good engine. His decision was because he trusted the experience and reputation of the garage for repairs to vehicles also performed in the United States.
Immediately fuel load, 4 cans of gasoline of 20 liters, 5 liters of oil, a jar of grease, a basic tool, lamp oil, two tires, a package of spare tubes, patches, hot patch huarache, matches, a small press pressure, a manual air pump, eight spark plugs, starting, distributor, 2 bands, a water pump, a power generator, two coils, 4 points, two resistors, four water cans of 20 liters, a carburetor , a package for the headstock and one for the crankcase, two steel safe differential axles, 4 bearings, 10 lug nuts, mended wire, electrical wire, rope, graphite, oil pump, 4 valves, lifters, four sets of piston rods, a small shovel, ax, machete, a tent, a 22-caliber rifle and pistol with ammunition, binoculars, knife, steel spring, a mechanical jack, two levers spatula, spreader, two bar soaps , a pencil and notebook, food, grill, food, pots, pan, bucket, blanket, red, gifts and sweets.
Very early goodbye to their families in Ensenada, Josefa Estrada was Verdugo, who was his host for several years in that distant place.
The carcanchita Ford Model A was finally loaded to the brim, even a dog "The black" slipped into the delegation of the Baja adventurers, looked like a wagon miner who sought gold in North America.
Vitoria Remember that early in the morning left the port of Ensenada to La Paz, said that everyone was happy because after 4 years finally return home.
Talk to the early days made it across without incident by the farms and small farming communities like St. Thomas, Camalu, San Augustine, San Quentin, the Marble, Lake Chapala, Cataviña, Punta Prieta, in some places we rested, we slept in other , invited us to dinner, we bought gas cans, water and some food, the black 1932 Ford carcanchita progressed slowly but steadily, the jumps were endless, we passed a ranch, another, another and another, a curve, a mountain and more pending but with an eye toward the goal that was our home.
But the problems begin because the radiator is stuck with a dead branch that was on the gap, pull the water and start heating; my father reached the shade of a mesquite and start with the repairs, we applied a paste black but like we had to wait for dry we had to sleep there in the field.
Every time we had suffered damage build a camp on the mountain, I think they were the happiest moments of our childhood as my father cleaned the area, put some stones in a circle for a fire, while my mother amazaba flour, my father got deep into the forest to collect enough firewood to cook and spend the night.
Then she was ready the grill and griddle my mother baked the delicious flour tortillas, warmed beans, to crush and bag coffee, were extraordinary moments "had dinner in the light of the campfire, or under the moonlight and also under thousands of stars with a chorus of hundreds of crickets. "
Before going to bed my father played the accordion sometimes, sometimes the guitar or just listen to the radio, around the campfire playing some rhythmic tunes they made us dance like that song "Back in the big ranch" and even sang a love songs dedicated to my mother, I remember I liked Rosario Night, Scratching the Sun, Eyes of my Elena, Ways of Life, among others.
GASOLINE IS RUNNING AND WATER, SIR ANDREW faints
Talk Vitoria in a section of the route is finished gasoline and water are practically immobile at Don Andres decides to seek help from a nearby ranch, but as cars barely passed through the area on foot is directed at 10 é in the morning at low heat, after waiting more than 7 hours finally appears on the horizon with a given gas can in one hand and a package of food in the other, Don Andres returned but in poor physical condition from the effects of heat, causing fatigue and hunger faint, and his wife attends, she wets her face with a damp cloth, air pours with cardboard and regains consciousness, he gives a little water and some food, then follow their way southward.
THE VEHICLE STALLS IN THE COST OF THE DONKEY.
|The famous and awesome Donkey slope one way that only experts could go ...|
Again going for help at a nearby ranch and actually returned with four men fishing in the area, once dry the system plugs ignite the vehicle and the four men to manage lung and push the car out of the marsh.
To climb the slope of the donkey whole family has to leave your vehicle in order to overcome the slope, only the driver reaches the top, then Don Andres directs poderososo carcanchita 4-cylinder to the direction of San Javier along a road crowded with rocks and mountains, "If there was nothing to do Loreto or pa to reach travelers said," To go to the capital of the Californias was necessary to visit the famous stream of Parras
|Section gap Conception Bay, before reaching the town of Mulege, a single right way and the sea|
|The famous and now Cruise Cd Constitution required years of 1950s.|
|Main street of San Miguel de Comondú in the background shows the first vehicles on the gap transpeninsular. Photo AHCERMLC.|
He said he used a truck platform type 1928 Ford four-cylinder, the foringo was called "The Cantacurrí" carried her three children, wife and father, at that time there was much poverty in Comondús and many people it started out to emigrate to the luggers where the government was giving away land for cultivation as Chicali.
He said that the sale of a dairy cow and other items Mr. Aguiar was able to finance the trip to the Far Mexicali had to leave their home, their property and their land.
The truth was needed much courage to leave home to home and more venture by the distant roads of the peninsula of Baja California, especially those traveling in small vehicles actually his strength lay in its chassis, engine, transmission, its docks, but definitely the skill of their drivers to pass through the difficult routes.
THE GOVERNOR OF THE TERRITORY OF THE LOWER SOUTH CALIFONIA, Gral. FCO. J. MUGICA, REPORTS TO THE PRESIDENT OF MEXICO, THE STATE OF THE GAP IN Transpeninsular 1941.
"The existing roads are narrow gaps in long stretches only allow access by a single shot, and although the terrain is flat in general, is covered with rough and sharp vegetation, sometimes is so sandy that it is not easy to cross two cars to go in a different direction.
Many of these gaps are poorly aligned and transport large uncertainty flowing through them, making it necessary to go slowly, thus restricting the scope of a force stationed for the purpose of military operations.
In none of these gaps is the most basic work of art, besides being unlined, which makes harvesting difficult, because in every fold of the ground must not throttle down to destroy the vehicle and transient, for the most insignificant Rain puts slippery and Atascosa, taking place this last problem also in very dry weather because the soil is crumbly and dusty in excess.
Despite all these defects are still lacking many gaps to communicate vital points which ligament is necessary to plan a good campaign. As is evident, this class of roads only allows an average speed of 20 km / hour. "
Original Source: The Grail in BCS Mugica J. Fco., 1941 - 1946, John Cuahutémoc Murillo.